This will lead the development of women and therefore of the society and of the country. Tobacco smoking and trends in histological subtypes of female lung cancer at the Cancer Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences over 13 years. Kaplan-Meier survival curves for the ever and never smoker patients with non-small cell lung cancer. To compare the demographic and clinical characteristics between the two groups, we used the two-sample t-test for continuous variables and the chi-squared test for categorical variables. The overall survival of the patients was estimated from Kaplan-Meier survival curves and the statistical difference between the groups was tested by the log-rank test. OS was deﬁned as the time from the lung cancer diagnosis to the date of death or the date of the last follow-up. In affiliation with the Korean Central Cancer https://chamda.in/2023/01/12/colombian-mail-order-brides-where-to-find-them-in-2022/ Registry , the Korean Association for Lung Cancer built a registry (KALC-R) into which 10% of the lung cancer cases from all Korean nationals were registered after the survey of the patients.
Mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor gene predict prolonged survival after gefitinib treatment in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer with postoperative recurrence. Impact of estrogen monotherapy on survival in women with stage III-IV non-small cell lung cancer. Kaplan-Meier survival curves for the epidermal growth factor receptor positive and wild-type patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide . In the United States, lung cancer is one of the most common cancers and the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women .
South Korean women largely must choose between career and family, with The Economist’s glass-ceiling index ranking it the worst country in the OECD for working women in 2022. Strict maternity leave policies at workplaces are one of the reasons for South Korea’s alarmingly low fertility rate at 0.8 children per woman — the lowest in the world, according to The World Bank. Spycam recording is an invasion of privacy involving a disregard for human rights, and it can have a significant impact on its victims.
- The maximum sentence has been extended to 3 years, and this includes anyone who has the footage in their possession rather than just the person who made the recording.
- These changes all attest to the fact that Korean women, given opportunities, can develop their potential and make significant contributions to society.
- In October, thousands of people from across the country flocked to Seoul to protest President Yoon Suk Yeol’s plans to abolish the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family.
- Increasing the punishment for making illegal recordings and actively investigating reports have been suggested.
According to 2008 estimates, there is approximately a 99% enrolment rate for both elementary school and middle school. This means that almost 99% of the current South Korean women have access to primary and secondary education. The increasing presence of women and the changes in Korean society have brought the government to the realization that it must develop new policies for women. By a presidential decree, the National Committee on Women’s Policies was formed in 1983. In compliance with the changing social environment, the government established the Ministry of Political Affairs to handle women’s matters in 1988. In the same year, 15 Family Welfare Bureaus with women directors were also established at the provincial government level.
What it’s like to be a woman in South Korea
Before the National Assembly extended the law on this, offenders would serve up to 18 months for the crime. The maximum sentence has been extended to 3 years, and this includes anyone who has the footage in their possession rather than just the person who made the recording. In June 2018, President Moon Jae-In further extended the penalty to 10 million won (U.S. $9,000) or five years in prison. Over 6,400 cases of illegal filming were reported in 2017, while in 2012 the number was 2,400. With few government staff available to inspect public restrooms and items, it has been difficult for government agencies to find hidden cameras since they are usually only placed in a location for a short time.
Committed To Family
Shifting cultural expectations around women’s role in Korean society has also influenced how many think about beauty. Yoo is one of a growing number of South Korean women chasing a new beauty ideal that focuses on athleticism and strength. Known as “geongangmi” or “healthy beauty” it marks a shift away from a traditional idea of beauty that prioritised being thin and pale. Prominent women who are considered geongangmi include pop star Hyolyn and popular actor and amateur boxer Lee Si-young. The situation began to change with the opening of the country to the outside world during the late 19th century. During this period modern schools were introduced, mostly by Western Christian missionaries.
New women’s groups were formed and previously existing ones were reorganized and invigorated to contribute to a variety of fields such as politics, social affairs, religion, education, and social service. “Women’s development” means the increase in their economic participation and equal opportunity and equal treatment at work force, as well as the discarding of the discriminatory perception of women in society.
Today, women are in every occupation, from government officials to business persons and professors. They were expected to stay at home, to raise their children, keep house and prepare meals. When women married they came to live in their husbands’ houses, but always kept their own family names. Once in their husbands’ homes, they became part of the extended families. Not only were they to obey the eldest males in the family and their husbands, but to take commands from the eldest woman.
Ryu et al. showed that among Korean patients with lung cancer, the unfavorable effects of smoking on pulmonary function were greater in women compared to men and suggested that the higher susceptibility might be attributed to lower lung volume . The proportion of women in the lung cancer population has been increasing in Korea . Among women, we can speculate check here https://countrywaybridalboutique.com/asian-women-features/korean-women-features/ that the clinical characteristics of smokers would be less favorable compared to never-smokers among lung cancer patients. They would have poorer lung functions and the prevalence of EGFR mutation would be lower .
Women were recruited to perform work in telecommunications, stenography and typing. The amount of women in the South Korean military was limited at this time, and women that enlisted were not given the same responsibilities as men. It was a common belief that female soldiers could not perform as well as their male counterparts in combat, and many female officers have struggled with the physical intensity of basic training. In the 1980s, gender issues became a part of state’s policy because of the transition of power from military rule to civilian rule. At this time, women’s organizations began to seek equality by demanding more representation in South Korea’s public employment and military. While representation increased in response, equality was not immediately achieved. Before 1988, female soldiers had to resign if they became pregnant, as pregnant women were considered unfit for duty.
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